Disability and Exclusion: Social, Education and Employment Perspectives


  • Ratan Sarkar Vidyasagar University
  • S. Parween Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Educational and Research Institute (RKMVERI




Disability; Poverty; Exclusion; Social Exclusion; and Marginalization.


When the whole world is striving towards the inclusion of persons with disabilities (PwDs) in all walks of life, they are still among the vulnerable group who are at risk of social exclusion. The meaningful participation in societal activities is hindered by marginalisation at an individual level leading to unemployment and thus poverty. Disability, social exclusion and poverty are inextricably associated that despite poverty alleviation programmes, disability reforms, advocacy and disability acts, these marginalised group of disabled individuals still remain as victims. The dynamic relationship between these three is studied in this article to to examine some of the issues of the human rights approach towards disability rehabilitation. Due to the systemic, structural and attitudinal barriers, developing countries like India are still struggling to create an inclusive society. This article suggests measures to overcome the challenges faced by persons with disabilities so as to initiate steps towards successful inclusion.

Author Biographies

Ratan Sarkar , Vidyasagar University

Ratan Sarkar is presently working as Assistant Professor of Education at the Department of Teachers’ Training (B.Ed.), Prabhat Kumar College, Contai affiliated to the Vidyasagar University, West Bengal. He has done MA in English Language & Linguistics and in Education, B.Ed., M.Ed.,and M. Phil. in Special Education and a Ph.D. in Education. He has passed the UGC-NET (Education) in June, 2015 on the first attempt. He is the recipient of ‘National Merit Scholarship’ from the Govt. of West Bengal (2009), ‘Suhashchandra Smriti Medha Britti’ (2010) from the Uttarbanga Sambad, and National Research Fellowship (JRF and SRF) from UGC (2014). He has edited 2 books, published around 14 research papers in peer-reviewed journals of national and international repute; contributed 12 chapters in edited books; 7 articles in conference proceedings to his credit. He is the chief Investigator of a Minor Research Project funded by MHRD, Govt. of India under the PMMMNMTT Scheme and chief coordinator, Spoken Tutorial Project- IIT Bombay, funded by NMEICT, MoE, GoI (under the Aegis of PMMMNMTT) (P.K. College, Centre). His areas of research interest and specialization centred on Special Education, Disability, Inclusive Education, Teacher Education and Educational Policies for PwDs in India.

S. Parween , Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Educational and Research Institute (RKMVERI

S. Parween, presently working as Assistant Professor in Special Education at Faculty of Disability management and Special Education, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Educational and Research Institute, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. She has done M.A in Psychology, M.Ed & Ph.D in Special Education. She has 20 years of experience in the field of special education. She has publications in National and International journals and co authored two books and contributed chapters in edited books. She is the Co-Investigator of a research project funded by Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment. She is the Project Coordinator of ‘Wonders of Touch’- A Quarterly Magazine for children with print disabilities. She has contributed for the E- content development for the B.Ed Special Education Course by Madurai Kamarajar University, Tamil Nadu. Her areas of specialization are Visual Impairment, Early Intervention, Assistive Technology, Educational Psychology, Educational Technology, Higher Education, Soft Skills, Emotional Intelligence and Theatre Arts.




How to Cite

Sarkar , R. ., & Parween , S. . (2021). Disability and Exclusion: Social, Education and Employment Perspectives. Bhutan Journal of Research and Development, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.17102/bjrd.rub.10.2.003