How small can be beautiful: Bhutan’s journey of self-evolution


  • Ruchi Payal


: Evolution, Decision-making, Sovereign, Classical Strategy, Identity


The article is a qualitative study on Bhutan’s political evolution over the years, conducted through secondary sources including various official reports, documents and articles. This first section of the article captures the idea of how a small nation through its experiences and cautious decision-making can evolve into an independent nation with sovereign status. The decisions it had taken, has made all the difference for Bhutan to create its own identity at the international platform. The next section investigates Bhutan’s relations with its neighbors. It has never involved into the classical strategy of playing off one neighbour against another. The loyalty in nurturing the relations with its neighbours, and the focus on turning weaknesses into strengths has proved that how a small country with incredibly beautiful values has evolved at the international platforms with recognition and a future for itself in the times to come.

Author Biography

Ruchi Payal

Ruchi Payal is a research scholar in the integrated M. Phil-Ph. D. programme in the National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration, (A deemed to be University under MHRD, New Delhi, Government of India). She holds a Master’s degree of Political Science from the University of Delhi, India. Her research interests focus the political science theories, with special emphasis on the impacts of decentralization in the schools of rural areas. She has published an article in the International Journal of Educational Management and Studies.




How to Cite

Payal, R. . (2021). How small can be beautiful: Bhutan’s journey of self-evolution. Bhutan Journal of Research and Development, 10(1). Retrieved from