Impact of mother’s education on the academic achievement of their children in Three Lower and Secondary Schools of Samtse Dzongkhag: An Enquiry


  • Kinley Seden Royal University of Bhutan
  • Soren Willert Aalborg University,
  • Dorji S Royal University of Bhutan
  • Kinzang Dorji Royal University of Bhutan


Socialization, Social stratification, Mother-child Interaction, Social identity, Scholastic achievement


The study on “impact of mother’s education on the academic achievement of their children in school” was conducted using a mixed methods design. The aim was to understand children’s academic performance partly as a function of their mothers’ level of education. The study was implemented in two stages, beginning in school academic year, July 2014. In both stages, focus group interviews were conducted with mothers, students and teachers. Progress reports and semi-open questionnaires were other data sources. Participants included 48 children, 48 mothers and 15 teachers, the two first-mentioned groups being our primary, teachers being our secondary target population. Past studies claim level of parental education to be an important indicator of children’s academic achievement. This study also indicated that mother’s education contributes to enhancing children’s academic achievement. On the one hand, mothers may, irrespective of their educational level, provide ‘content-free’ support to their children: showing interest, motivating them, etc. On top of that, educated mothers have the capacity to render help with homework and explain scholastic stuff that is unclear to child.

Author Biographies

Kinley Seden, Royal University of Bhutan

Kinley Seden (PhD) is a Lecturer at the Department of Social Science, Samtse College of Education, Royal University of Bhutan. Her research interests include teaching, learning and assessment (TLA), professional development of teachers and psychology of TLA.

Soren Willert, Aalborg University,

Dr. Soren Willert is at Institute for Culture and Learning, Aalborg University, Denmark. Soren has published
extensively in the fields of organization theory, leadership, learning, professional interventions. He was part of the Bhutanese-Danish research team behind the book Quality of School Education in Bhutan and contributed to the development of the M.Ed. Programme for Math and Science teachers.

Dorji S, Royal University of Bhutan

Dorji S is a Lecturer in History Education and former Dean of Student Affairs (DSA) of Samtse College of
Education (SCE). He taught at Sherubtse College (SC) and Bajothang Higher Secondary School, and provided history curriculum support to REC and MoE. His research interest includes history education, ethnography, anthropology, happiness and well-being and curriculum and teaching & learning.

Kinzang Dorji, Royal University of Bhutan

Kinzang Dorji (PhD) is Lecturer at Samtse College of Education (SCE), Royal University of Bhutan (RUB). He has master degree in Botany from the University of New England, Australia and recently, PhD from the Queensland University of Technology (QUT), Australia. He is currently serving as the Programme Leader
for the Postgraduate Diploma in Education (PGDE) programme.




How to Cite

Seden, K., Willert, S., S, D., & Dorji, K. (2021). Impact of mother’s education on the academic achievement of their children in Three Lower and Secondary Schools of Samtse Dzongkhag: An Enquiry. Bhutan Journal of Research and Development, 9(1). Retrieved from