Teaching Grammar using Literary Texts: An Action Research Study with Class Eight students in Paro


  • Tshering Tshomo Royal University of Bhutan
  • Ugyen Choden Royal University of Bhutan
  • Kezang Sherab Paro College of Education, Royal University of Bhutan
  • Pema Zangmo Ministry of Education


ESL, Literary Texts, Grammar Instruction, Teaching and learning, grammar in context


The school English curriculum framework in Bhutan mandates the teaching of grammar to be integrated with teaching of literary texts. This has become an issue as teachers find it difficult to integrate. A pre-survey using a questionnaire and a class test was administered to 76 Class Eight students (one student was absent) to examine their perceptions on using literary texts to learn grammar and test their grammar knowledge. Based on the findings of the pre-survey and the pre-test, this action research was designed to adapt and implement Ellis’s (2002) practice and conscious-raising approaches to grammar teaching, Celce-Murcia and Olshtan’s (2014) a discoursebased approach to teaching second language grammar and Larsen-Freeman’s (2014) a three-dimensional grammar framework to effectively teach both content of the text as well as the grammar. After six months of intervention, a post-survey using the same questionnaire and a post-test (n=77) were conducted to explore if there were any differences in students’ perceptions and test scores. In order to further validate students’ quantitative responses, semi-structured interviews were conducted with students (n=6) and teachers (n=2). Findings showed that the intervention strategies have made an impact on students’ understanding of both content of the literary texts and grammar. Recommendations for further improvement of teaching grammar in context and for future research are also provided.

Author Biographies

Tshering Tshomo, Royal University of Bhutan

Tshering Tshomo has a Master’s Degree in Applied Linguistics from Mahidol University, Thailand. Currently she teaches at Gaupyel Lower Secondary School in Paro. Her research interest is in the field of English as a Second Language in line to curriculum, education and the language acquisition

Ugyen Choden, Royal University of Bhutan

Ugyen Choden is a Lecturer at Paro College of Education. She has a master’s degree in Physical Education from Lovely Professional University in Punjab, India. She teaches Health and Physical Education for both Diploma and B. Ed programmes. She is currently the Programme Leader for Diploma in Sports Coaching and Physical Education programme. Her research interests are in youth fitness, student attitude towards HPE, self-efficacy beliefs of HPE teachers and blended learning.

Kezang Sherab, Paro College of Education, Royal University of Bhutan

Kezang Sherab is an Assistant Professor (PhD in Education) at Paro College of Education. He teaches health and physical education and research methodology courses. Kezang has published on a variety of educational topics and has led many educational consultancies. His expertise and research interest are in the educational evaluation, GNH Education, efficacy beliefs, educational research methods, use of SPSS and MaxQDA for data analysis, action research, educational change, student engagement, non-cognitive skills, and youth fitness.

Pema Zangmo, Ministry of Education

Pema Zangmo completed her primary teacher training certificate from Paro College of Education in 2001. Currently she teaches English at Woochu Lower Secondary School in Paro. She is recipient of the National Order of Merit- Gold in 2014 for excellence in teaching.




How to Cite

Tshomo, T. ., Choden, U., Sherab, K. ., & Zangmo, P. . (2021). Teaching Grammar using Literary Texts: An Action Research Study with Class Eight students in Paro. Bhutan Journal of Research and Development, 8(2). Retrieved from https://bjrd.rub.edu.bt/index.php/bjrd/article/view/63