Upper Primary School Student Attitude Towards Health and Physical Education Programme in Bhutan


  • Ugyen Choden Paro College of Education, Royal University of Bhutan
  • Ugyen Namdel Paro College of Education, Royal University of Bhutan
  • Kezang Sherab


: Attitude, Health and Physical Education, Upper Primary Students, Perception


Student attitude toward Health and Physical Education (HPE) formed during childhood can influence the choices they make in daily lives to be active or to remain sedentary. Therefore, this study investigated the attitude of upper primary students toward HPE for the first time in the Bhutanese education system ever since the programme was introduced in 1999. This is important for Bhutan whose vision is to promote gross national happiness. The study employed a quantitative approach with a survey design consisting five major themes- attitude towards HPE, perception of teacher’s instruction, perception of benefits of HPE, attitude towards participation in HPE classes, and perception of support system for resources. A total of 1087 upper primary students (male= 568 & female= 519) responded to the survey from seven dzongkhags. The findings generally showed a positive attitude and much higher perceptions of HPE. More specifically Class V students showed much higher perceptions on benefits of HPE compared to Classes IV and VI, while students in urban schools revealed a positive attitude towards HPE compared to semi-urban students. Implications of the study and recommendations for improvement are discussed.

Author Biographies

Ugyen Choden, Paro College of Education, Royal University of Bhutan

Ugyen Choden is a Lecturer at Paro College of Education. She has a master’s degree in Physical Education from Lovely Professional University in Punjab, India. She teaches Health and Physical Education for both Diploma and B. Ed programmes. She is currently the Officiating Programme Leader for Diploma in Sports Coaching and Physical Education programme. Her research interests are in youth fitness, student attitude towards HPE, self-efficacy beliefs of HPE teachers and blended learning. Currently she is involved in an International project on Blended Learning and plays active role in promoting blended learning in the Bhutanese schools.

Ugyen Namdel, Paro College of Education, Royal University of Bhutan

Ugyen Namdel is an Associate Lecturer teaching Health and Physical Education and Creative Arts at Paro College of Education. He holds Bachelor’s degree in Physics and Health and Physical Education from Samtse College of Education. He has a vast experience in preparing illustrations for RNDA manual with MoE/UNICEF, teachers manual and text books for Value Education, HPE and EVS subjects, and MCH Handbook for MoH. He has also contributed in writing HPE Text book.

Kezang Sherab

Kezang Sherab is an Assistant Professor (PhD in Education) at Paro College of Education. He teaches health and physical education and research methodology courses. Kezang has published on a variety of educational topics and has led many educational consultancies. His expertise and research interest are in the educational evaluation, GNH Education, efficacy beliefs, educational research methods, use of SPSS and MaxQDA for data analysis, action research, educational change, student engagement, non-cognitive skills, and youth fitness.




How to Cite

Choden, U. ., Namdel, U. ., & Sherab, K. (2019). Upper Primary School Student Attitude Towards Health and Physical Education Programme in Bhutan. Bhutan Journal of Research and Development, 8(1), 59–72. Retrieved from https://bjrd.rub.edu.bt/index.php/bjrd/article/view/43