Introducing the Design Thinking Approach for Teaching and Learning at Tendruk Central School in Samtse Dzongkhag


  • Kinley Kinley Royal University of Bhutan
  • Ugyen Dorji Ministry of Education
  • Sherab Chophel Ministry of Education
  • Reeta Rai Royal University of Bhutan



Design Thinking, Teaching and Learning, Participatory Design, Co-design, Creative Thinking, Problem Solving.


Design thinking is a human-centric, iterative, and collaborative approach to solve complex problems. Current study has made an attempt to implement design thinking (DT) as one of the pedagogical means to respond to the need for teaching, learning, and assessment and specifically, the study was intended to explore strategies to implement DT in designing and delivering lessons in the classrooms of a higher secondary school at Samtse. The study was conducted through a participatory design approach which involved co-designing lessons using DT between the researchers and teacher participants. The data for this study was obtained from observations, semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, and reflections. Eventually, for data analysis thematic analysis and narrative descriptions were used. As such, this study provides information that broadens the understanding of the integration of the DT approach in the classroom in the Bhutanese context, and its impact on the development of skills in students. The findings of the study unveiled that using DT empowers teachers to be innovative in planning learning activities that enable lessons to become more engaging and exciting. Further, the finding also revealed that DT assists students to develop problem-solving skills and creativity.

Author Biographies

Kinley Kinley, Royal University of Bhutan

Dr. Kinley is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Science Education at Samtse College of Education (SCE), Royal University of Bhutan (RUB). He has a PhD with research in Educational Technology from Aalborg University, Denmark in 2016. Besides teaching and research, he has served as Head of Department (HoD) in Professional Studies (2008 - 2011), HoD for Science Education (2016 – 2017) and Dean of Research and Industrial Linkages (2017 – 2020) in the College.

Ugyen Dorji, Ministry of Education

Mr. Ugyen Dorji is a School Principal at Tendruk Central School, Samtse Dzongkhag. He graduated from Sherubtse in 1998 with B.A. in Economic Honours and PGCE from then National Institute of Education, the current Samtse College of Education in 1999. He completed is M.Ed in Educational Leadership from Paro College of Education. He has worked as a teacher for four years, assistant principal for two years and vice principal for one year. He has been serving as Principal for the past fifteen years. Besides management and leadership he passionately engages in teaching and research.

Sherab Chophel, Ministry of Education

Mr. Sherab Chophel is currently working as a biology teacher at Baylling Central School under Trashiyangtse Dzongkhag. He has a Master’s Degree in Education (M.Ed) in biology from Samtse College of Education with a research background in the year 2021. Besides teaching, he is passionate about writing and research.

Reeta Rai, Royal University of Bhutan

Dr. Reeta Rai is a lecturer and the Coordinator for the STEM Education Research Centre (STEMRC) at the Samtse College of Education, Royal University of Bhutan. She has a Ph.D. in Environmental Science and a master's degree in Chemistry. She teaches Chemistry, Environmental Science, and teaching methods and supervises M.Ed Chemistry dissertation. She has authored book chapters and published international peer-reviewed journal articles in the fields of Environmental Science and STEM education.




How to Cite

Kinley, K., Dorji, U. ., Chophel, S. ., & Rai, R. . (2022). Introducing the Design Thinking Approach for Teaching and Learning at Tendruk Central School in Samtse Dzongkhag. Bhutan Journal of Research and Development, 11(2).